Monday, July 15, 2019

Making Arrows #3: Northern Fujian Bamboo Bow and Arrow Tradition

Chinese word for "arrow bamboo": jian zhu (Chinese: 箭竹; pinyin: jiànzhú),
Scientific Name:  Fargesia

"The Zhu Mu Gong Jian "Bamboo Bow and Arrow" manufacturing tradition comes from Pingnan county, Ningde prefecture, northern Fujian province. Recently Pingnan bowyer Ye Yong was recognized by Ningde prefecture as a bearer of important local intangible cultural heritage for his mastery of the traditional methods of bamboo bow and arrow production."

Related Post on this Blog:

Molecular Phylogeny of Asian Woody Bamboos

Sunday, July 14, 2019

Making Arrows #2: Batak Tribesman Shows How To Make A Quick Survival Bow And Arrow

Batak People (Philippines)
(Link) wiki

Related Posts on this blog:

Characterisation of the use-wear resulting from bamboo working and its importance to address the hypothesis of the existence of a bamboo industry in prehistoric Southeast Asia

Pala'wan bamboo flute played by Undu Apäl, Mäkägwaq, Pala'wan, Philippines

Making Arrows #1: Erromango Singing Arrows

Chief Jerry Takki speaks about arrows from Erromango in Vanuatu.

Erromango Island in Vanuatu

Saturday, July 13, 2019

A Note About Comments

Dear Reader,

After some thought, I've decided to ask that if you would like to post a comment here, please do so under your real name.  I will no longer accept comments from people who do not use their real name.

I've had the debate over the years as to whether people should be able to post comments anonymously.  Often, the idea is put forth that people would not be comfortable to discuss an idea freely if they were not anonymous.  That's probably true.

I've also had people tell me that it is the ideas that matter, and the identities of those expressing them are irrelevant.

I've almost always blogged with my real identity (except once when I used a pseudonym as a gag.)  I think my identity matters when I post comments on blogs.  Blogging under my real name enforces personal integrity and requires that I think carefully about what I post.  Does the comment I'm posting reflect my central values and ideas?  Am I saying something that would hurt someone?  What self interests am I imposing when I post a comment?  To me, blogging and tweeting under my own verifiable identity ensures that I think about these and other essential questions.

Given this, I think it only fair that other people posting comments on my blog use their real identities.

Thank you,


Friday, June 28, 2019

Reconciling material cultures in archaeology with genetic data requires robust cultural evolutionary taxonomies

Felix Riede, Christian Hoggard & Stephen Shennan
Nature: Palgrave Communications 
Volume 5, Article number: 55 (2019)

Related Post on this blog:
The Paleolithic-Mesolithic-Neolithic Transition in Northern Europe, the Russian Steppe and Armenia
December 20, 2014

Saturday, June 1, 2019

Humans used northern migration routes to reach eastern Asia

Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History
May 29th, 2019


Northern and Central Asia have been neglected in studies of early human migration, with deserts and mountains being considered uncompromising barriers. However, a new study by an international team argues that humans may have moved through these extreme settings in the past under wetter conditions. We must now reconsider where we look for the earliest traces of our species in northern Asia, as well as the zones of potential interaction with other hominins such as Neanderthals and Denisovans.

Monday, May 27, 2019

Upper Paleolithic cultural diversity in the Iranian Zagros Mountains and the expansion of modern humans into Eurasia

Elham Ghasidian, Saman Heydari-Guran, Marta Mirazón Lahra
Journal of Human Evolution
Volume 132, July 2019, Pages 101-118


This paper aims to understand the cultural diversity among the first modern human populations in the Iranian Zagros and the implications of this diversity for evolutionary and ecological models of human dispersal through Eurasia. We use quantitative data and technotypological attributes combined with physiogeographic information to assess if the Zagros Upper Paleolithic (UP) developed locally from the Middle Paleolithic (MP), as well as to contextualize the variation in lithics from four UP sites of Warwasi, Yafteh, Pasangar, and Ghār-e Boof. Our results demonstrate (1) that the Zagros UP industries are intrusive to the region, and (2) that there is significant cultural diversity in the early UP across different Zagros habitat areas, and that this diversity clusters in at least three groups. We interpret this variation as parallel developments after the initial occupation of the region shaped by the relative geotopographical isolation of different areas of the Zagros, which would have favored different ecological adaptations. The greater similarity of lithic traditions and modes of production observed in the later phases of the UP across all sites indicates a marked increase in inter-group contact throughout the West-Central Zagros mountain chain. Based on the chronological and geographical patterns of Zagros UP variability, we propose a model of an initial colonization phase leading to the emergence of distinct local traditions, followed by a long phase of limited contact among these first UP groups. This has important implications for the origins of biological and cultural diversity in the early phases of modern human colonization of Eurasia. We suggest that the mountainous arc that extends from Anatolia to the Southern Zagros preserves the archaeological record of different population trajectories. Among them, by 40 ka, some would have been transient, whereas others would have left no living descendants. However, some would have led to longer term local traditions, including groups who share ancestry with modern Europeans and modern East/Southeast Asians.