Saturday, October 31, 2015

c̓əsnaʔəm, The City Before the City (Vancouver)


“We want the people of Vancouver [British Columbia, Canada] to recognize that there was a city here before they came,” said Howard E. Grant. “When contact came, historians, archaeologists, and writers, wrote a lot about other tribes but very little was written about Musqueam. It is now our time to tell our story.” - Excerpt from the Vancouver Sun: 'Vancouver exhibition at three sites tells the story of Musqueam city on the Fraser'  Read more

Shaw Go WestCoast explores the exhibitions at Museum of Vancouver and Musqueam:

NovusTV host Maike Evers explores all three exhibitions:

"The key across the project is to re-establish a connection between past and present, to show the continuum between the early Musqueam people and their descendants still here, still looking for justice and recognition." Excerpt from Vancouver Magazine's 'The City Before the City: The Musqueam First Nation'

"Many people think of Vancouver as a "new" city. But long before the gleaming towers, the industry and the traffic was another thriving community called "cesna?em." Watch Jordan Wilson's interview with Gloria Macarenko on Our Vancouver: 'Vancouver's Musqueam past revisited' here and listen to Jordan Wilson give a tour of the original c̓əsnaʔəm site on CBC Early Edition: here click the "Listen" button.

"When guests visit the Museum of Vancouver’s newest exhibit beginning next week, the first thing they will see is a nail protruding from the wall beside its entrance. A Musqueam tradition advises visitors to someone’s home to “hang” any preconceived thoughts on a nail like this so people enter the space with an open mind and an open heart." Excerpt from The Globe and Mail: 'Using traces from Vancouver’s past, a vibrant community is recognized'  Read more

"The origins of this city, now lying unseen below the streets of Marpole, date back 4,000 years, and the people who built it have been here even longer." Excerpt from the Westender: 'Groundbreaking, three-part exhibit traces the origins of Vancouver back to its Musqueam roots'  Read more

“It’s one of the first times where Musqueam’s really been able to tell our own history in our own words,” said Jordan Wilson, a member of the Musqueam Nation, co-curator of the exhibit at the Museum of Anthropology and part of the curatorial collective for MOV. Excerpt from Vancouver Courier: 'Exhibits bring Musqueam legacy alive'  Read more

"The exhibition asks, whose home is Vancouver? How have newcomers claimed Vancouver as their own? How do the Musqueam understand their lengthy connection to this place?" Excerpt from Price Tags: 'c̓əsnaʔəm, the city before the city'  Read more

Groundbreaking, three-part exhibit traces the origins of Vancouver back to its Musqueam roots - See more at:
The origins of this city, now lying unseen below the streets of Marpole, date back 4,000 years, and the people who built it have been here even longer. - See more at:
"At all three venues, the didactic components are thoughtfully composed and the exhibition design is handsome and effective. The elements that knit past and present together and that most engage the visitor, however, are the unearthed belongings and the quotes from and interviews with Musqueam elders and other community members." Excerpt from the Georgia Straight: 'c̓əsnaʔəm unburies the city's lost Musqueam world'

"The story of Vancouver is typically told with a gaping hole, leaving out the perspective of the First Nations that called this land home for thousands of years before Europeans arrived." Excerpt from from Vancouver Metro: 'New exhibit tells Vancouver’s story through Musqueam First Nation’s eyes'Read more

“We want to make sure the Musqueam perspective is predominant,” Gosselin says. “Hopefully, when people come in here they don’t think the museum is speaking, but rather Musqueam presenting and representing the community.” Excerpt from Megaphone Magazine: 'Where We Started'  Read more

"Our elders tell young people to go slow and be careful, because if something happens to one of us, there is a page in our living history torn out and lost forever." - Morgan Guerin. Excerpt from the Vancouver Observer: 'Can we mend thousands of years of displaced history in Vancouver?Read more

“People often think of Vancouver as a new city, when in fact it is one of the most significant sites of ancient cultures in Canada – one that has even been compared to other societies such as the Egyptian and Roman societies.” - Terry Point. Excerpt from VanCityBuzz 'South Vancouver 5000 Years Ago'  Read more

Friday, October 30, 2015

DNA and Indigeneity Event Explores Genomics in Archaeology and Anthropology

Victor Guerin of the Musqueam Nation opens the Simon Fraser University IPinCH DNA and Indigeneity public symposium
October 29th, 2015

Over 70 people attended the IPinCH DNA and Indigeneity public symposium held last week in Vancouver. The symposium focused on current and prospective applications of genomics in archaeology and anthropology.

The public event was followed by a two-day invited workshop that brought together an international group of academics, practitioners, students, and community representatives from Canada, the United States, Australia, and Latin America.

The symposium began with a traditional welcome by Musqueam Nation member, Victor Guerin, followed by an introduction to the event by IPinCH Director George Nicholas.

The first session focused on the promise and perils of using genomics in constructing and interpreting Indigenous identities and featured presentations from Armand Minthorn, a religious leader and member of the Board of Trustees of the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation, Deborah Bolnick, Associate Professor at University of Texas at Austin, and Alan Goodman, Professor of Biological Anthropology at Hampshire College.

The second session explored the potential for genetic information to assist with the repatriation of human remains. This session included talks by Daryl Pullman, Professor of Medical Ethics at Memorial University of Newfoundland, Dorothy Lippert from the Repatriation Office at the Smithsonian Institution, and Cressida Fforde, Deputy Director of the National Centre for Indigenous Studies at the Australian National University.

The final session examined the problematic history of genetic research with Indigenous peoples before turning to the present to identify opportunities to work together “in a good way.” Kim TallBear, Associate Professor at the University of Alberta, Rosalina James, Assistant Professor at the University of Washington, and Ripan Malhi, Associate Professor at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, all provided their insight and experiences on this topic.

Videos of the symposium presentations will be available on the IPinCH website in the near future.

The following two-day invited workshop was an opportunity for nineteen scholars, practitioners, and community representatives to delve further into the complex issues introduced in the symposium.

One key take away message from the workshop was the need to support Indigenous peoples and other vulnerable populations around the world in their effort to secure genetic autonomy. Genetic autonomy was described by the workshop participants as the ability to control when, where, how, and by whom the genetic information of Indigenous peoples is used. To this end, it is critical that additional resources and support are provided for Indigenous peoples seeking training in genomic sciences.

Another key point of discussion at the workshop focused on clarifying misconceptions about DNA and genetic testing. In the case of the growing use of parentage testing by Native American tribes to inform enrollment decisions, for example, there is uncertainty among many tribal members about the exact purpose of these tests and how they’re different from genetic ancestry tests. This is a cause for concern and highlights the need for more clarity on what genetic testing is and what it can (or can’t) do.

Finally, there was a strong consensus among workshop participants on the need to contextualize the results of genetic research—that is, to situate genetic data within a broader cultural, historical, and political context—particularly when working with Indigenous communities. By presenting genetic information alongside other ways of interpreting the past, such as oral histories and archaeology, we ensure a more holistic, complete, and dynamic interpretation of identities—past and present.

Ultimately, genetics and ancient DNA analysis should be considered alongside other ways of understanding the identity of ancient and modern-day people. It should not take precedence but rather, in many cases, should be considered “a last resort” when all other information has been considered. For example, if there is no information on the geographic provenance or cultural affiliation of human remains, DNA analysis may provide insight into genetic relatedness at a general level.

Proposed outputs arising from the workshop include journal articles, a collection of ancient DNA case studies, a tool kit for communities considering genetic research, a travelling exhibit on DNA and Indigeneity for schools and museums, and a website housing a diverse assortment of resources.

Financial support for the event was provided by the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council (SSHRC) and by Simon Fraser University.

Double Reeded Algaita of the Hausa and Kanuri

Algaita (wiki)

Hausa People (wiki)

Kanuri People (wiki)

Kawala Flute Manufacture

Kawala (wiki)

Kawala - (Abdallah Helmey) - (كولا تقاسيم (عبدالله حلمي

Kawala (wiki)

Friday, October 23, 2015

Σκοποί από τη Ρούμελη με φλογέρα

φλογέρα (Greek flute) (wiki in Greek)

1st song:  They took the sheep - shepherd song on Greek flute, violin, lute
2nd songThe brilliant star - slow ballad on Greek flute and zither


ΦΛΟΓΕΡΑ (wiki in greek)

ΜΟΙΡΟΛΟΙ (Lament) - is a polyphonic lament flute style deeply rooted in Epirus, Greece (wiki)

Photos are from in and around the Vikos Gorge, Epirus, Greece (wiki)

Wednesday, October 21, 2015

Antichi ricordi di sardegna

Launeddas (wiki)

La Construzione delle Launeddas - The Construction of the Launeddas

Launeddas (wiki)

Launeddas della Sardegna - Luigi Lai

Launeddas (wiki)

Luigi Lai (wiki)

Ancient Greek Auloi - Dr. Stefan Hagel

"Dr. Stefan Hagel demonstrates a reconstruction of a pair of greek auloi from the Hellenistic period. The instrument is enhanced with additional finger holes which can be opened and closed by making use of a complicate system of sliders and turning sleeves (watch closely!) which can be found on some preserved instruments."

Ancient Greek Music:  A New Technical History
Stefan Hagel
Austrian Academy of Sciences

Auloi (wiki)

Monday, October 19, 2015

Sindhi Alghoza(Beenoon) - Khamiso Khan

Algoze or Alghoza (wiki)

Sindhi, Rajasthani and Baloch Alghoza en bambou - Atelier Chikudo

Atelier Chikudo (wiki)
Algoze (wiki)

Genetic structure in village dogs reveals a Central Asian domestication origin

Shannon et al.


Dogs were the first domesticated species, originating at least 15,000 y ago from Eurasian gray wolves. Dogs today consist primarily of two specialized groups—a diverse set of nearly 400 pure breeds and a far more populous group of free-ranging animals adapted to a human commensal lifestyle (village dogs). Village dogs are more genetically diverse and geographically widespread than purebred dogs making them vital for unraveling dog population history. Using a semicustom 185,805-marker genotyping array, we conducted a large-scale survey of autosomal, mitochondrial, and Y chromosome diversity in 4,676 purebred dogs from 161 breeds and 549 village dogs from 38 countries. Geographic structure shows both isolation and gene flow have shaped genetic diversity in village dog populations. Some populations (notably those in the Neotropics and the South Pacific) are almost completely derived from European stock, whereas others are clearly admixed between indigenous and European dogs. Importantly, many populations—including those of Vietnam, India, and Egypt—show minimal evidence of European admixture. These populations exhibit a clear gradient of short-range linkage disequilibrium consistent with a Central Asian domestication origin.

Friday, October 16, 2015

Her Code Got People to the Moon

Harry Gould Harvey IV

"Margaret Hamilton wasn’t supposed to invent the modern concept of software and land men on the moon. It was 1960, not a time when women were encouraged to seek out high-powered technical work. Hamilton, a 24-year-old with an undergrad degree in mathematics, had gotten a job as a programmer at MIT, and the plan was for her to support her husband through his three-year stint at Harvard Law. After that, it would be her turn—she wanted a graduate degree in math.

"But the Apollo space program came along. And Hamilton stayed in the lab to lead an epic feat of engineering that would help change the future of what was humanly—and digitally—possible.
"As a working mother in the 1960s, Hamilton was unusual; but as a spaceship programmer, Hamilton was positively radical. Hamilton would bring her daughter Lauren by the lab on weekends and evenings. While 4-year-old Lauren slept on the floor of the office overlooking the Charles River, her mother programmed away, creating routines that would ultimately be added to the Apollo’s command module computer.

"“People used to say to me, ‘How can you leave your daughter? How can you do this?’” Hamilton remembers. But she loved the arcane novelty of her job. She liked the camaraderie—the after-work drinks at the MIT faculty club; the geek jokes, like saying she was “going to branch left minus” around the hallway. Outsiders didn’t have a clue. But at the lab, she says, “I was one of the guys.”

(read more)

Related Posts on this Blog:

Margaret Hamilton, Mathematician and Computer Scientist, Played Key Role in Space Program

Forty Five Years Ago Today

Thursday, October 15, 2015

Japanese Kyotaku Flute - 虚空 / 西村虚空 - Kokū Nishimura

Kokū Nishimura (wiki)

Kyotaku Flute (wiki)

Komusō (wiki)

The earliest unequivocally modern humans in southern China

Wu Lui, Maria Martinon-Torres, Yan-Jun, Song Ying, Hao-wen Tong, Shu-wen Pei, Mark Jan Sier, Xiao-hong Wu, R. Lawrence Edwards, Hai Cheng, Yi-yuan Li, Xiong-yin Yang, Jose Maria Bermudez de Castro, Xiu-jie Wu



The hominin record from southern Asia for the early Late Pleistocene epoch is scarce. Well-dated and well-preserved fossils older than ~45,000 years that can be unequivocally attributed to Homo sapiens are lacking1, 2, 3, 4. Here we present evidence from the newly excavated Fuyan Cave in Daoxian (southern China). This site has provided 47 human teeth dated to more than 80,000 years old, and with an inferred maximum age of 120,000 years. The morphological and metric assessment of this sample supports its unequivocal assignment to H. sapiens. The Daoxian sample is more derived than any other anatomically modern humans, resembling middle-to-late Late Pleistocene specimens and even contemporary humans. Our study shows that fully modern morphologies were present in southern China 30,000–70,000 years earlier than in the Levant and Europe5, 6, 7. Our data fill a chronological and geographical gap that is relevant for understanding when H. sapiens first appeared in southern Asia. The Daoxian teeth also support the hypothesis that during the same period, southern China was inhabited by more derived populations than central and northern China. This evidence is important for the study of dispersal routes of modern humans. Finally, our results are relevant to exploring the reasons for the relatively late entry of H. sapiens into Europe. Some studies have investigated how the competition with H. sapiens may have caused Neanderthals’ extinction (see ref. 8 and references therein). Notably, although fully modern humans were already present in southern China at least as early as ~80,000 years ago, there is no evidence that they entered Europe before ~45,000 years ago. This could indicate that H. neanderthalensis was indeed an additional ecological barrier for modern humans, who could only enter Europe when the demise of Neanderthals had already started.

Taking the Long View on Sexism in Science

Pat Shipman
American Scientist

"I am one of the many women who exited academic science. Decades later, too many others are still leaving for the same reasons."

"My first lesson in the harmful power of sexual innuendo and stereotype was when I was a new PhD in the late 1970s. I wrote a manuscript for a book based on my thesis, an analysis of fossil animals in Kenya. A major academic publisher turned it down because it was “too controversial.” Stunned that this analysis could be seen as controversial, I pressed the editor for specifics. Eventually, he admitted that one reviewer had said that I could only have been awarded a PhD if I had slept with my committee."

"Thinking of the one married and two unmarried straight men, the two gay men, and the bisexual man that comprised my committee, I decided this assertion was best challenged directly. I was confident my work was good. So I invited the editor to call my committee members and ask them. A long silence followed, in which I supposed the editor was blushing at the mere thought of asking these scholars such an insulting question. To my surprise, the editor admitted that he had done just that. Taken aback, I asked him what they had said. “They said there was no truth in the allegation,” he replied, but he still would not accept the manuscript."

"Nevertheless, Harvard University Press did accept the book, Life History of a Fossil, which became a classic in its field. I wrote of this episode and others in a 1995 column for American Scientist."

"After that column appeared, right up until my retirement in 2010, there were many more episodes of a similar flavor. Once, a younger collaborator of mine and I applied for the same job. At that point, all my collaborator’s publications were coauthored with me, except his PhD thesis. I had a number of independent papers, including a single-authored note in Nature and a book. I did not make the short list but he was hired."

"A few years later, I discovered by accident that I was the lowest paid associate professor in my institution—the same year I began working as an assistant dean. My underpayment was so pronounced that the dean of the entire institution told my chair to give me an immediate 20 percent raise. A friend in administration, congratulating me, said she had once overheard my chair remark that he didn’t need to give me a raise because my husband was well paid."

(read more)

Monday, October 12, 2015

Indo-Européens, le peuple introuvable qui hante les fantasmes racistes

Le Temps
Publié lundi 12 octobre 2015

"Inventée par les linguistes et accaparée par les nazis, cette ethnie originelle continue à se dérober. Auteur d’une somme sur la question et invité à Genève pour une conférence, Jean-Paul Demoule déconstruit le mythe.

"C’est l’histoire d’une ethnie introuvable, malgré une quête acharnée. L’existence de nos ancêtres les Indo-Européens, source commune des langues et des civilisations du Vieux Continent, a été formulée par hypothèse au XIXe siècle. Les linguistes ont brandi des pièces à conviction, les archéologues ont cherché des traces en vain, les idéologues se sont emparés de l’idée. Le mythe de ce peuple conquérant alimente dès lors quelques délires majeurs, dont le nazisme et le suprématisme des «nouvelles droites». Auteur d’un vaste ouvrage détaillant la façon dont le concept s’est bâti (Mais où sont passés les Indo-Européens? Aux origines du mythe de l’Occident, Seuil, 2014), l’archéologue français Jean-Paul Demoule sera à Genève pour une conférence publique, jeudi 15 octobre*.


Thursday, October 8, 2015

Kuromu Aye Dinn (The Country is Quiet)

Not flute.  The song is a celebration of peacefulness and cultural unity.  It's from Ghana, West Africa.

Saturday, October 3, 2015

Bamboo Flutes Exploration

Dear Readers,

For the sake of reducing the scope of this exploration, I'm focusing here only on end blown bamboo flutes and their variants, not transverse flutes.  I'm also focusing primarily on bamboo.

Some initial observations so far are that there are traditions of bamboo flute making in every area of the world where there is bamboo. Even given the constraints of physical sound making, which conserves fundamental flute dimensions, it is interesting to see the regional variation, or not, of bamboo flute making across the world.

Bamboo World Ecozone

Bamboo flutes vary according to scale, key, length, number of holes, and reeds (or not).  For the next month or so, I'll continue to put up videos and other material on bamboo flutes.  After that, I intend to organize the flutes and compare them.

The above picture of a bamboo forest is from the Summit Garden in Vanuatu.

Wishing you well,