Chapter 9 in A Companion to Rock Art, edited by Jo McDonald and Peter Veth, 2012
Rock art can sometimes provide better data for defining cultural entities than other archaeological data. Multivariate statistical analysis of rock art data can help us define rock art traditions and distinguish between traditions. Statistical methods can show change through time within a tradition. Choosing the right statistical technique and careful selection of variables and attributes are vital for good results. Learning how to interpret the numerical and graphical data generated by statistical techniques is also necessary for a meaningful application of statistics to rock art analysis. This chapter uses multivariate methods to define and compare rock art traditions from the North American Plains and South Siberia.