Manistokos (Father of Many Children)
also known as Parkapotokan (Bad Head)
Recorded: in symbolic pictographs on tanned skin
In: The R.N. Wilson papers, vol. 2, pages 367-377. -- [ca. 1890-1897].
Archives of the Glenbow Museum, Alberta
1810 - The Kainai see for the first time the horses with cropped tails of the American soldiers.
1811 - Crying Bear has been destroyed.
1812 - The Gambler has been killed by the Flathead.
1813 - Many went on the war path.
1814 - Top Knot has been killed.
1815 - Had Children destroyed by the Crees on the Belly River.
1816 - Kainai Extending His Paw killed by another Kainai.
1817 - Buffalo Paunch killed by his brother.
1818 - Kainai have their Sun Dance in the Winter time.
1819 - Coughing epidemic.
1820 - Four Horns killed by a Pend'oreille.
1821 - Great Chief No Top Knot dies.
1822 - A white man named by the Kainai Short Man takes a place at the confluence of the Musselshell and Missouri Rivers.
1823 - Long Hair dies.
1824 - The Kainai drove away the Crows.
1825 - The Kainai, Gros-Ventres, Flat Heads, Koutenais, and Nez-perces make a peace treaty.
1826 - The Kainai stole many horses from the Crows at a place called "Goose Neck" Butte.
1827 - Many died.
1828 - A chief named Crowfoot was killed by the Crow.
1829 - Seven Crow are destroyed on the American border.
1830 - Very severe Winter. Many go on the war path and are frozen to death.
1831 - A white man named Kipp establishes a post at the confluence of the Bear and Missouri Rivers.
1832 - An American winters at a place called the Strait (narrows) on the Milk River.
1833 - Very remarkable meteor shower. The Kainai were camped near High River.
1834 - The Kainai help themselves to the horses of the Crows.
1835 - Two Blackfoot Piegan jump in the Bears River and are killed.
1836 - Epidemic of constipation amongst the children.
1837 - Small pox.
1838 - People recover from the disease.
1839 - Chief White Calf killed by a white man at Fort Benton (Montana).
1840 - An old Kainai woman named Potsiw was killed, the killer remaining unknown.
1841 - Another woman, Hind Face, was killed by a Kainai.
1842 - Going Crow killed by a party of Crow.
1843 - A large number of lodges camp near the Porcupine Hills at a place called "Woman Pound".
1844 - A white man named Running Wolf fires a cannon at Fort Benton (Montana) and kills thirteen Blackfoot.
1845 - The Kainai separate into two parties for the purpose of trading, one going to Fort Benton (Montana) and the other going to Rocky Mountain House (Alberta).
1846 - Kainai Going With The Sun hides himself from the Crees and escapes.
1847 - The Crows come into the camp to steal horses.
1848 - Not cared for child killed by the Crees on the Teton River.
1849 - Manistokos (author), with a large band of Kainai, moves camp during the Winter to go to Fort Benton (Montana).
1850 - Fifty Crees are killed by the Milk River on this side of the boundary.
1851 - Eagle White Calf killed by a Cree near the Sweet Grass Hills.
1852 - Plenty of snow and the weather becoming mild. A freshet occurred in the Wintertime. The Kainai fought the Snake Indians.
1853 - Manistokos (author) winters this side of the boundary line.
1854 - The Crees coming after the Kainai make a shelter of branches in the newly abandoned camp.
1855 - The Kainai are starving and eat their dogs.
1856 - The Indians of different tribes receive a large distribution of goods from the American soldiers whose commanding officer Short Man (Stephens) is very much renowned amongst them. [Refers to the treaty of October 17th, 1855, enacted with Isaac I. Stevens at the mouth of the Judith River with "the Blackfoot Nation".]
1857 - The ground is very slippery on account of glassy frost.
1858 - Prairie Man kills a Pend'oreille.
1859 - The Kainai make a large sweat bath.
1860 - Two Kainai, Hind Bull and Fish Child, kill each other.
1861 - The Crees steal horses from the Pend'oreille near the Sweet Grass Hills.
1862 - Visit of Medicine Pheasant, great chief of the Crows. (He was half Blackfoot Piegan and half Crow.)
1863 - Kainai Tartowa gets mad and fires through the camp. He is killed by his two brothers.
1864 - Four lodges of Gros Ventres, whose chief was Orkotok (Stone), were destroyed by the Blackfoot Piegan on the Belly River.
1865 - Black smallpox.
1866 - The Kainai are kept waiting a long time for the trader.
1867 - A Kainai war party falls among the Crees, and they fight hand to hand.
1868 - The Kainai have plenty of furs and make a big trade.
1869 - Joining the Bear, being drunk, rushes through the camp and kills many.
1870 - Smallpox.
1871 - Great battle with the Crees on the Belly River near Coal Bank - 200 to 250 Crees are killed.
1872 - Some white men settle on High River.
1873 - They winter there again.
1874 - Calf Shirt is killed.
1875 - The Mounted Police are at Fort MacLeod.
1876 - Whiskey trading is stopped [by the Mounted Police.]
1877 - Plenty of buffaloes. [No mention is made of the signing of Treaty No. 7.]
1878 - The Spring is very late. The Kainai lose many of their horses.
1879 - Very mild winter.
1880 - The buffalo are no more.
1881 - All of the Blackfoot leave the territory of the United States and come to this side of the boundary.
1882 - Visit of the Marquis of Lorne, son-in-law of the Queen [and Governor General of Canada, who made this tour across Canada in 1881.]
1883 - The Crees steal the horses of [Chief] Red Crow.
1884 - The railway is built across the country. [The C.P.R.]
1885 - Epidemic of Erysipelas.
1886 - Many cattle died.
1887 - The chiefs of the Blackfoot are taken [by train] to visit Ottawa [the capital of Canada.]
1888 - Chief Crowfoot visits the Gros Ventres and is knocked down by a drunken Gros Ventre.
1889 - Epidemic of Influenza.