ISSUES IN INTEGRATIVE STUDIES
No. 13, pp. 115-126 (1995)
"Chinese cities and countryside often use a kind of lāo wăng (fishing-catching net) to catch fish in the shallow water of the river, lake, harbor and branching stream. This kind of fish-catching net is made of a wooden stick or a bamboo strip, bent to form a (upside-down U)-shaped frame (bow) and a rope (called the string) stretched taut between the two ends of the frame, with a rope-woven net fixed on the bow proper and the string."
"Thus, gŏng (the bow of the bow and arrow) is evolved from gŭ gŏng (the frame) of gu (the fishing gear). For in the process of making gu, the first step is to bend the wooden stick or bamboo strip into the (upside-down U)-shape and then to tie a rope (or string) tautly to the two ends of the frame. At this very moment, a bow (of the bow and arrow) is practically accomplished. The reasons why the discovery of the catapulting mechanism and function of the bow (of the bow and arrow) resulted from the making of the fishing gear gu will be given in a later part of this paper."