The Nile and Region
My posts for the next few weeks will focus on evidence for hunting and animal domestication on the Nile during the epipaleolithic. Many African domestic animals such as the goat appear to have come to the continent in the early Neolithic by way of South East Asia. In this regard, Melinda A. Zeder has focused on domestication on the Taurus-Zagros arc and Levant (link). Other animals such as the zebu came to Africa from South Asia (link). However, not all African domesticated animals are imports. There is genetic evidence that some African cattle are partly descendants of Nile aurochs. On the Nile, it is likely that there was a long process of insipient domestication of many animals, of which only a small number became full domesticates.
I'll be quoting from works on the Nile epipaleolithic that discuss the archaeological evidence for the auroch, hartebeest, rhinoceros and gazelle. I'll then focus on genetic studies of African cattle that are believed to have originated on the Nile such as the N'dama breed.